2012年6月8日星期五

慶祝世界環保日暨第四屆環保研討會開幕 Celebrating World Environment Day _ 4th Khoryug Conference on Environmental Protection for Tibetan Buddhist Monasteries, Nunneries and Dharma Centres and 大寶法王2012年新詩 ~《詠樹》

慶祝世界環保日第四屆環保研討會開幕

時間:2012年6月5日
地點:印度 達蘭沙拉 羅布林卡




在世界環保日這一天,尊聖的第十七世大寶法王噶瑪巴與貴賓西藏流亡政府國會發言人為第四屆「藏傳佛教寺院環境保護研討會」(Khoryug Conference on Environmental Protection for Tibetan Buddhist Monasteries)揭開序幕。

此為期五天的研討會的主題為生物多元性、氣候變遷、以及災難的防備,有60餘位來自45所喜馬拉雅地區與南亞的寺院代表出席。

此研討會的目的在於提供生物多元性與氣候變遷的環保教育、培訓寺院代表順應氣候變遷的策略、並且為自己的寺院發展出一套災難防備計劃。

研討會由「自然環境保護組織」(Rangjung Khoryug Sungkyob Tsokpa)主辦;該組織為一佛教寺院協會,旨在保護喜馬拉雅與南亞地區的環境,主席為尊聖的第十七世大寶法王噶瑪巴鄔金欽列多傑。

與其合作的非政府組織如「環保教育中心」(the Centre of Environmental Education)、「印度野生動物信託」(the Wildlife Trust of India)、「世界野生動物基金」(the World Wildlife Fund),以及西藏流亡政府「環境與發展政策研究室」(the Environment and Development)皆派人員於研討會中為寺院代表培訓。

法王噶瑪巴在開幕致詞中表示,西藏高原是亞洲國家主要的水源地,不僅對藏人與喜馬拉雅地區的民眾極為重要,對全世界而言也非常重要。

法王說道:「我們所有人都應該盡最大的努力來保護西藏高原與喜馬拉雅地區,並保育這些地域的生態系統。

對我們而言,保育在地的生物多元性與生態系統,應該要像是不費力的佛法修持。我們保護環境的基本動機,應該源自於為利益地球一切有情眾生的清淨願望。」

在法王的致詞後,接著是貴賓西藏流亡政府國會發言人貝瑪.次凌(Pempa Tsering)對法噶瑪巴王提供佛教僧尼環保訓練的評論。

貝瑪.次凌說道:「我們正處於一個環境問題確實會傷及地球生靈的危急時刻。每一個人都意識到環境問題的重要性與合作的必要性。」

他接著討論到西藏的生態對鄰近國如印度、孟加拉、緬甸、以及寮國所提供的巨大利益。

他表示,如果這個生態環境崩壞的話,我們就會看到一波比今天所有的難民還多的環境災害難民。

因此,他敦促「自然環境保護組織」的寺院應該與自己社群內外的每一個人建立關係以保護環境。

「自然環境保護組織」由法王噶瑪巴於2009年首屆的噶瑪噶舉寺院之喜馬拉雅環境保護會議後所創建,以因應會眾之聯合集訓與環保活動組織的請求。

法王噶瑪巴並指導目前已有超過十種翻譯語言的「噶瑪噶舉佛教寺院、中心與團體環境保護準則(PDF格式) 之出版,以及個人與寺院中心的簡易環保手冊「環保108——您也可以讓地球更美好(PDF格式) 的問世。

多位僧眾與尼師講述近日於他們的所在地發生的旱災、水災以及地震的經驗。他們表示,提供切實有用的自然災難發生時的應變措施,並且在災難發生後如何進行重建的訓練極為有益。


 




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大寶法王2012年新詩 ~《詠樹》

新葉發郁郁,
豐枝展崢嶸,
世間碧色映,
大地嫵媚生!
 

~《詠樹》大寶法王 噶瑪巴書於印度達蘭沙拉羅布林卡,2012年6月5日世界環境日

(藏譯中:倫多祖古)
 


法王噶瑪巴於羅布林卡親手種下的樹苗


王噶瑪巴詩作 ~《詠樹》手稿書於2012年6月5日
 



http://www.kagyuoffice.org.tw/karmapa_17th/works/poem/2012/20120605_Tree.htm





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Celebrating World Environment Day

5th June - Dharamsala, Norbulingkha

Celebrating World Environment Day, His Holiness the 17th Karmapa and the Honorable Speaker of the Tibetan Parliament launched the 4th Khoryug Conference on Environmental Protection for Tibetan Buddhist Monasteries. The five-day conference will focus on biodiversity, climate change, and natural disaster preparedness, and is attended by over sixty representatives from forty-five monasteries from across the Himalayas and South Asia.

The goals of the conference are to provide environmental education on biodiversity and climate change, and to train the monastic representatives to learn climate adaptation strategies and to develop disaster preparedness plans for their monasteries. The conference is organized by Rangjung Khoryug Sungkyob Tsokpa, an association of Buddhist monasteries working to protect the environment of the Himalayas and South Asia, which is chaired by His Holiness the 17th Karmapa, Ogyen Trinley Dorje. Parnter NGOs such as the Centre of Environmental Education, the Wildlife Trust of India, the World Wildlife Fund, and the Environment and Development Desk from the Central Tibetan Administration, are also present to train the monastic environmental representatives.

His Holiness the Karmapa opened the 4th Khoryug conference by stating that the Tibetan Plateau is not only of great importance to the people of Tibet and the Himalayas but to the entire world since it is the main source of water for many Asian countries. He said, "We should all try our hardest to protect the Tibetan Plateau and the Himalayas and preserve these ecosystems. Preserving the biodiversity and the ecosystems of our region should be like the effortless practice of dharma for us. Our basic motivation to protect the environment should come from the pure desire to benefit all sentient beings on earth."

He was followed by the Honorable Pempa Tsering, the Tibetan Speaker of Parliament, who commended His Holiness the Karmapa's vision in providing this kind of training for Buddhist monks and nuns. He said, "We are at a dangerous point where environmental problems can really harm life on earth. Everybody recognizes the importance of environmental issues and the need for cooperation." He went on to discuss the great benefit Tibet's ecology provides for all the countries adjoining it, including India, Bangladesh, Burma, and Laos. If the ecology was to break down, he said, we would see a wave of environmental refugees that would eclipse all the refugees we have today. Therefore, he urged that the gathered Khoryug monasteries to build bridges with everyone in and outside their societies to protect the environment.

His Holiness the Karmapa established Rangjung Khoryug Sungkyop Tsokpa after the 1st Conference on Environmental Protection of the Himalayas for Karma Kagyu monasteries in 2009, when the gathered monasteries requested concerted training and organization for their activities. His Holiness also directed the production of the Environmental Guidelines for Karma Kagyu Monasteries and Centers, which has been translated into more than ten languages and the 108 Things You Can Do, which are simple instructions for individuals and monastic centers to benefit the environment.

Many of the monks and nuns expressed their experiences with drought, flash floods, and earthquakes which have recently occurred in their location. Providing practical training of what to do during a natural disaster and how to be resilient afterwards is of great benefit, they said.





 

4th Khoryug Conference on Environmental Protection for Tibetan Buddhist Monasteries, Nunneries and Dharma Centres
- Biodiversity, Climate Change and Disaster Preparedness


5th - 9th June -Norbulingka Institute, Dharamsala

FIRST HAND ACCOUNT

Given the focus of this year's conference, it seemed appropriate that, as the delegates gathered in the grounds of the Norbulingka Institute to await the arrival of His Holiness the 17th Gyalwang Karmapa, the temperature was climbing steadily to 42 degrees. This year, Dharamsala has experienced both unusually severe winter conditions, with snow filling the Kangra Valley for the first time in fifty years, and unusually high summer temperatures. It is a reminder to everyone present that we are now living with climate change impacts.

Celebrating World Environment Day, His Holiness the 17th Karmapa and the Honorable Speaker of the Tibetan Parliament launched the 4th Khoryug Conference on Environmental Protection for Tibetan Buddhist Monasteries, which will focus on Biodiversity, Climate Change and Natural Disaster Preparedness.

The aims of the conference are to both educate monks and nuns in environmental science, and to develop self-reliance within Buddhist institutions, so that in the face of climate change and natural disasters they have a pre-prepared plan and are able to function as leaders within the community.

After prayers for the auspiciousness of the gathering, the Gyalwang Karmapa opened the conference by saying "Preserving the biodiversity and the ecosystems of our region should be like the effortless practice of dharma for us. Our basic motivation to protect the environment should come from the pure desire to benefit all sentient beings on earth since without the environment, there can be no life." The delegates from over 45 different monastic institutions listened intently to His Holiness' speech and to the guest of honor, Mr Penpa Tsering, Speaker of the Tibetan Assembly.

The conference facilitator, Dekila Chungyalpa, director of the WWF Sacred Earth Program, based in Washington DC, gave the first presentation, illustrated by slides, on the concepts of biodiversity, ecosystem, ecosystem services and tipping point. Taking them one by one, she explained what they were, their importance, and how they are inter-related and how we are affected. One of the workshop goals is to demonstrate how to see nature as whole systems, she said, paralleling the holistic approach which is fundamental to Buddhist philosophy. Finally, she presented an overview and update of threats to biodiversity and the impact of climate change, two topics which will be dealt with in greater detail over the coming days.

The afternoon session was devoted to feedback from the various monastic institutions present, detailing what they had been doing in the past year to further environmental protection. This is an important function of Khoryug conferences since it provides a monitoring and evaluation framework for the projects that the monasteries undertake. Projects range from the truly impressive including thousands native trees planted in degraded watersheds to the humble where many monasteries put aside a day in the month to clean their community and town areas. Some representatives share the difficulties that they face including the disinterest among their community members in keeping their environment clean and hygienic, and or mixed reforestation results. Others share their unique experiences in achieving success and finding out that their organic farms have made them close to completely self-sufficient for fresh produce.





第四屆環境保護研討會記實

時間:2012年6月5-9日
地點:印度 達蘭沙拉 羅布林卡

在會眾於羅布林卡學院的廣場中恭候尊聖的第十七世大寶法王噶瑪巴的到來之際,當地氣溫持續平穩地攀昇到攝氏42度,反應出今年環保研討會氣候變遷的主題極為適切。達蘭莎拉今年的氣候非比尋常,冬季份外地嚴寒,岡格拉山谷(Kangra Valley)的降雪為五十年來首見,而夏季的酷暑也跌破往年的記錄,這些在在提醒著在場的每一個人:我們正活在氣候變遷的影響之中。

在世界環保日這天,尊聖的第十七世大寶法王噶瑪巴偕同西藏流亡政府國會發言人為第四屆「藏傳佛教寺院環境保護研討會」揭幕。研討會今年的主題為生物多元性、氣候變遷、以及災難的防備。主辦單位希望藉由這次研討會,提供僧眾與尼師環境科學的教育訓練,並且培養佛教學院自助自立的能力,使得他們在面對氣候變遷與自然災難時,能夠有所防備並且在社區中發揮領導者的功能。

在吉祥願文的唸誦之後,法王噶瑪巴首先致開幕詞:「對我們來說,保育在地的生物多元性與生態系統,應該要像是不費力的佛法修持。沒有生存的環境,也就沒有生命可言;因此,我們保護環境的基本動機,應該源自於為利益地球一切有情眾生的清淨願望。」來自超過45所寺院的代表專注地在現場聆聽法王與西藏流亡政府國會發言人貝瑪.次凌先生(Pempa Tsering)的演說。

此次會議的協調人德其樂.瓊嘉巴(Dekila Chungyalpa)給予首場正式的演講。德其樂.瓊嘉巴為「世界野生動物基金」美國華盛頓特區總部的「神聖地球計劃」的主任。在演講中,她透過投影片來解說生物多元性、生態系統、生態系統服務(ecosystem services)、引爆臨界點(tipping point)等觀念,並且一一解釋它們的內容、重要性、彼此的關連性、以及對我們的影響。她表示,此次培訓的目的之一便是要示範如何將自然界視為整體系統,而此整體性的處理方式為佛教中的基本哲理。最後,她簡單地介紹了目前生物多元性受到的威脅與氣候變遷的影響,此兩大主題在接著的幾天會期中會有更詳盡的討論。

下午的會議主要是各寺院代表的發言。寺院代表在會中反饋他們的意見,並介紹在過去一年中所進行的環保活動。此部份的議程提供一個監督與評估寺院環保計劃的架構,為環境研討會中一個很重要的功能。各個寺院所進行的多項環保計劃中,從備受矚目的在受到破壞的流域中栽植數千棵的原生樹,到樸實的月中一日為社群內外做清潔打掃的工作。有些代表分享他們所遭遇到的困難,其中包括有社群中的成員對維護環境的衛生整潔漠不關心、以及重植森林的混合結果。有些代表則與大眾分享他們獨到的成功經驗,以及有機農場讓他們更接近新鮮蔬果自給自足的喜悅。